AlQa’eda in Yemen (AQAP) from local to national and international

 

AlQa’eda in Yemen from local to national and international

AbdulElah Hider Shyea

After Yemen and Saudi managed to destroy the hierarchical structure of AlQa’eda locally between the years of 2003 and 2005, it has today resurfaced to take refuge in Yemen as headquarters for the local leadership whose far reaching operations have reached as far as the United States of America.

And then came the operation of the Niger citizen Omar Farooq who attempted to destroy an American aircraft above Detroit airport, and it has been adopted by AlQa’eda in the Arabian peninsula in its new form, to change the concept of international security and to redraw the security concept of the west and the whole world, and to bring AlQa’eda in Yemen to the forefront of the international events and to be become the main point of discussion about future threats.

Even though AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula has been initiated by Osama bin Laden in the mid 90’s of the last century in a message titled (repel the infidels from the Arabian Peninsula) directed to whom he described as the good scholars in Saudi in particular, and the personnel of the national guard and the armed forces, yet it is considered the first official document announcing the birth of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, and in that document he defined the enemy being America, and described Saudi as being occupied by foreign forces, equating Mecca and Medina to the Aqsa mosque and stated that it became an area under what he called Zionist-Crusader occupation.

In this research I will try to present a simplified study of this organisation which has resurfaced on the international scene after remaining unknown for years after the Saudi authorities succeeded in destroying its infrastructure and saved Yemen from having to unhinge its cells and killed and captured its established leadership as prisoners, this organisation came back today after years of being defeated in both countries to be the most prominent branch of AlQa’eda in the world and the most active on the local, national and international levels.

 

  • Who is AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula
  • The strategic view
  • The local and international dimensions
  • Historical stages
  • Local and international interventions
  • The relationships with internal parties
  • Future features
  • Conclusion

Who is AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula?

There are two types of (AlQa’eda) working on the local and international stage, [first] the organisationally affiliated AlQa’eda related to the central headquarters in Afghanistan which has hierarchical structure and sections where the decision comes down through strict managerial chains.

And there’s the theological AlQa’eda structure which has come to be known as the international Jihad movement which refuses the western style in all aspects of life and refuses international organisations ruling over, and which seeks to establish an Islamic khilafat according to prophetic system and concentrates on jihad as a means today.

The theological system is more wider than the organisation and sometimes result in self-motivated cells, such as (AlBashaer) organisation which was established in Saudi in 2006 after the Saudi security forces managed to eradicate most of the organisation in terms of infrastructure and management, and as in the (Yemen soldiers’ battalions) which was established in the middle of 2007 in Yemen, in spite of the existence of another organisation in a different place at the same county and the same time.

(AlBashaer) joined up with AlQa’eda after months of its establishment in a statement which more present in the media than in the field, and (Yemen soldiers battalions) has been terminated with the killing of its leaders in Trem of Hadramout in the south of Yemen in August 2008, the most important of its operations was the killing of Spanish and Belgian tourists and bombing of residential complexes belonging to American oil companies in Sanaa.

The organisation has been announced in its present form (Qa’edat AlJihad in the Arabian Peninsula) at the start of January 2009, after Ayman AL Zawahiri the man in the organisation has blessed the leadership of Nasser AlWeheeshi (Abo Basir) describing him as “Emir of al mujahedeen” [1] and after the joining, AL Zawahiri considered it as a Jihadi up rise in the Arabian Peninsula, and Mostafa Abo AlYazid has blessed it from the general command in June 2009 and he described Abo Basir as the Emir of Mujahedeen[2] in the Arabian Peninsula 

Definitions

And there are definitions for AlQa’eda some of which are descriptive in relation to the functional context, and some are rather title related, the official American studies and others that are products of decision making institutes which link terrorism with AlQa’eda and consider them as synonyms, they say that terrorism came before AlQa’eda but AlQa’eda takes terrorism as a behavioural adaptation, and consider terrorism as deliberate violence with political motives[3]

The research and strategic studies organisation which is affiliated with the US defense office goes to define AlQa’eda functionally in its definition [by separating] Muslims into four main distinct sections, fundamentalist, traditional, renovating, and secular, considering that AlQa’eda – by role and function – is a fundamentalist movement which refuses democratic western values, and takes the west and USA in particular as enemies, and looks forward to apply fascist Islam[4] [as a way of life], Steve Hoffman from Harvard university, who is active in providing terrorism related studies to the American intelligence, abridges the matter saying, the youth of AlQa’eda “think in seventh century mentality and perfect current technologies [5]

AlQa’eda leader, Osama bin Laden, presents his definition in the first statement which he announced in November 1988 saying that it is an international front for fighting Jews and Crusaders and that it seeks to establish the rule of Allah on earth and to save the oppressed from tyranny[6], Abo Mosab AlZarkawi has extended the definition of AlQa’eda later to be that it is “an international front for the fighting of Jews, Crusaders and apostates”, adding the last item as an essential condition for giving allegiance to Osama bin Laden as an Emir[7].

Mostafa Abo AlYazid says about AlQa’eda that it is a group of Muslims looking to establish the rule of Allah on earth, and they try to gather the powers of the nation to achieve this goal[8].

The former field marshal of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula Abdul Aziz AlMegren defines AlQa’eda as: a Jihadi group and an international development for the Jihadi strategy, and a spring board to the re-establishment of the Islamic nation again, and a natural extension of the historical Jihadi tide, and to avoid many of the mistakes which the Islamic movements have committed.[9]

The Emir of AlQa’eda Naser Abdul Kareem AlWeheeshi answers (Abo Basir- 33 years old) answers in a previous meeting published by AlJazeera net in the beginning of 2009 that they, Qaeda AlJihad, are at the forefront of the Islamic nation and don’t fight on its behalf, and are seeking to restore Islamic Khilafat and give power to the religion of Allah, so they don’t fight on behalf of Muslims as it’s their conclusive cause, and they give their souls for the way of Allah and the weak people, and they have a hierarchy and a vice-Emir, and a Shura council and a media branch and a legal branch and a military committee[10].

Hierarchy

AlQa’eda has a historical description of the Arabian Peninsula as it is from the Rokn Yamani of the honourable Ka’ba to the Arab sea [11]surpassing the drawn and official geographical borders that is put between states.

The organisation consists of a Shura council which is the highest authority within the organisation, headed by the Emir Abo Basir and includes non-Yemeni members under the leadership of Saied AlShehri known as (Abo Sophian AlShehri- 35 years old) a former Guantanamo detainee.

The organisation has administrative sections, the media section which has a TV editing unit and a press section that cares for printed material and a bimonthly magazine (Sada AlMalahem) and works for marketing purposes and official releases and researches and studies which come from other departments.

And there’s the military section in which there’s a subsection dedicated to development and one for military production which invents and develops military means such as the bomb which the organisation used to target Prince Mohammed bin Nayef with, and the one used to attempt to explode an American airplane over Detroit during Christmas in December 2009

And there’s the legal committee which convened a discussion forum to discuss the consequences of targeting the US embassy in Sanaa in September 2008, and produced its description of the affairs in Yemen through its legal view in a study titled (disclosing the democratic regime and breaking the tyrant of Yemen) and sent a message after the attempt to assassinate prince Mohammad bin Nayef, and has members from Yemen and Saudi who are wanted by the governments.

All hierarchical sections are advertised, and all are working openly but keep the identity of its members secret except for the high command in the organisation such as the Emir and his deputy and the military leader and the legal representative, but keeping the identity of the media leader and the rest of the groups secret.

I managed in early 2009 to hold interviews with most of the high command in the organisation and held a press dialogue with the Emir and the others in which he explained in details the hierarchy of the organisation and his relationship with others outside of it.

The view and the strategy

AlQa’eda has concentrated on what the west and America have concentrated on, the Arabian Peninsula which has become according to Carter’s principle a part of the American national security and is considered to be the heart of the new empire, due to its geographic location and volume of treasures and huge resources, and for its religious sanctity being the birthplace of the revelation and the source of the last of the messages and the Qibla of all Muslims, and it’s the area which AlQa’eda thinks that if the foreign influence is repelled from, it would break a factor of sovereignty in international politics and it may end western supremacy in the whole world.

AlQa’eda as seen by its Emir in the Arabian peninsula Abo Basir,  he says, the Arabian peninsula is a major key to the liberation of Palestine, and they used the fact that Muslims have cleansed the Arabian peninsula of infidels in the early times before conquering Baytol Maqdes as evidence, and they consider NATO and America’s war against Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia being launched from the Arabian Peninsula either from land or sea bases, considering the American, French and British armies in the Arabian peninsula to be for the protection of Jews in Palestine from the strikes of the mujahedeen[12].

And that’s why Yemen takes a chief position in the thinking of the central AlQa’eda command and a main pillar in its international program, being in the religious and theological position of the land of supplies, the breath of the Most beneficent, and from its southern areas will comes twelve thousand fighters who are of the best armies fighting for the cause of Allah[13],  and because of its geography which is either mountainous, desert or seaside areas, and demography of the inhabitants which is mostly bedouin and tribal, which goes well for the requirements of an armed organisation like AlQa’eda, such as it would house the strangers and give him victory and protect him and carry weapons.

That explains the high numbers of the Yemenis in the warfronts managed by AlQa’eda, starting with Nairobi and Darussalam in the year 1998,  and to the Cole destroyer, and September 11th and the fronts in Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia and even in Lebanon in the Fath AlIslam era in the year 2007.

After the March 2004 explosions in Madrid, the international organisation said that Yemen would be the third war front after Afghanistan and Iraq in which they launch an attrition war against the US led NATO forces[14], and that’s why AlQa’eda works in the world – according to the ideological dimension used to put strategies – to establish four main armies moving from sides to the heart of the Islamic nation in Palestine, an army from the land of Khorasan (Pakistan and Afghanistan) and an army from Iraq, and an army from Yemen and an army from the land of Sham[15], which is expected to be opened by AlQa’eda in the coming period and which Bin Landen has told about at the time of the Gaza war in January 2009 saying he would open new Jihad warfronts in the world[16].

The ideology that AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula puts, and it’s the local branch of the international organisation, its vision to start an Islamic state by dismembering the regimes in the Arabian Peninsula, such that the organisation establishes the army coming from Yemen and it is one of the armies which run the battles in the Sham countries, and from that they called the name of their media establishment (AlMalahem establishment) being a future related element.

Through reading the ideology and following of the route of the international Jihad movement headed by AlQa’eda organisation, the reader would find that it is centred upon putting its view on the religious ideological view more than other practical or political dimensions, with that standard, we can come nearer to understand the phenomenon of AlQa’eda locally and internationally, and the use of the ideology by AlQa’eda to serve the fighting purpose more than for propaganda, politics and call [to Allah] reasons, especially in the case of AlQa’eda in the Arabian peninsula more clearly, and that’s a result of a reading that’s special to them for the facts and that the situation quo is one of occupation[17] and that puts the fighting standard first because of the miserable state that the nation is going through everywhere.

To understand AlQa’eda view which it uses to build its strategy upon, we read it within the context of its personal accredited interpretation of old scriptures, some of which go back as far as more than a thousand years, while we find that the organisation is more innovative, modern and renewing in the case of the tools and methods used especially in the military and intelligence sides, and that’s because they concentrate so much on security and military sides.

The latest of their innovative successes, which led to change in the theories of safety and security, is after the operation of Omar AlFarouq attempting to explode the North West plane at the same time as the Christmas celebrations in December 2009.

The local and international dimensions

Osama bin Laden concentrated in his message to Yemen on calling the Yemeni tribes by their names, Ibhalil, Hashed, Mothhaj, and Bakil, to stand up and to give victory to your brethren as the war is going on[18], and bin Laden makes sure for years and emphasises that the supply from Yemen is coming and continuous[19]

The tribe, the religion, the regime, the political crisis and the economy crisis, all are factors which helped AlQa’eda and formed a fertile environment for its cultivation during the last four years which came after their escape from prison in February 2006.

AlQa’eda takes place in the city and [in urban areas] among the tribes alike, as the numbers of prisoners and the operations that the largest area where AlQa’eda is, is in the capital Sanaa and around it as an operation theatre, and then it varies spreading in different areas, and the political and economic situations have played an important role in the spread of AlQa’eda as an organisation and ideologically, and the local factors which were larger than external factors that led to the development of AlQa’eda, the case of Palestine which AlQa’eda uses in its inflammatory message as an external factor available in the states of the region, but the fertile environment in Yemen was suitable for a new start for AlQa’eda.

The economic situation kept Yemen within poverty levels which were reflected on the psychological structure in people being uncaring and not keen on life or afraid of losing it, and that’s a major factor in the character which AlQa’eda is building and the situation has helped towards that.

Also AlQa’eda care about recruiting youth who find life and death of equal value, and that’s available amongst the bedouin and tribal people where in their areas there are so much revenge crimes and fighting due to practical absence of the state.

American Yemeni coordinated operations against the areas of Abian, and Shabwa and Arhab show that the state suffers due to not being able to exist in those areas, as after the American bombing of those areas fearing the people’s anger against the state, because it is being confronted strongly from the locals in those areas, and they refuse its presence especially the military and security presence, and it has witnessed fighting and people taking over governmental centres in the last months before the operation.

The opposition situation helped, and that is because it concentrates on attacking the regime and doubting everything the regime says, AlQa’eda as it created a public opinion which has main demands and that is the necessity of the removal of the regime, with differences on how to achieve that.

AlQa’eda has a simple and holy address in its local motto such as “repel the infidels from the Arabian Peninsula”, and “twelve thousand fighters come out from Abian Adan” and “Yemen is the land of supply” and this can’t be denied especially among common Muslims. And it is a suitable ground for the organisation’s mental address and to achieve a compatibility level with the general public in the strategy and general features of AlQa’eda plan.

Also the strategic crisis and dislocation of the regime, government and opposition has given AlQa’eda a chance to recruit and train, and also the Sa’ada war which kept the state busy as a whole from what’s happening in the eastern and southern governorates, and AlQa’eda managed to establish a local centre for it in Yemen.

AlQa’eda agrees with the tribes that they both are not self-ruled and both are not under part of the central authority which AlQa’eda doesn’t believe in and attempts to destroy.

With AlQa’eda planting its roots in local events, it managed to cross the borders into national and then international borders, and after than AlQa’eda managed to move nationally by the joining together [two factions] which happened in the beginning of 2009 and the appointment of the Saudi, Saied AlShehri (Abo Sophian AlAzdi- 35 years old) and the recruitment of Saudi elements that started to flog in from the end of 2007 to the organisation led by Abo Hammam AlQahtani – 24 years, and Abdullah Hassan Asseeri 23 years old who executed the attempt to assassinate the deputy home secretary Mohammad bin Nayef near the end of 2008.

The international dimension of the organisation, even though it’s local and national from the view of the parties in the conflict, and with the rule being for the organisation that they [their opponents] won’t enjoy security, the organisation has adopted matters in its address that are of international nature such as Palestine, Afghanistan, and Iraq, and these are international community issues.

AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula has its own version of vision, and that’s paying back in the same currency, as you take away our security, we take away yours, and that’s how thinking about cross borders and international operations came.

And as AlQa’eda has innovated a weapon which can’t be detected by electronic equipment, it made it an ambition to export the operations internationally being confident it has the means to do it, and that made the Emir of AlQa’eda Naser AlWeheeshi say: Muslims, have no to worry about manufacturing this bomb, its instruments are in your mother’s kitchen, and it is easy to make and freely available, and devices won’t detect it, so hit the airports and capitals of the countries that fight Islam and confuse them and disturb their peace[20].

Historical stages

AlQa’eda has gone through four historical stages [or eras], the first was to dig in the infrastructure and that was in Afghanistan, a main part of the structure by polarising the fighters who geographically come from Yemen, Saudi and the states of the Arabian Peninsula, and that went on from the mid-eighties till the beginning of the nineties of last century.

Its most prominent activity was to collect youth individuals in training camps in Afghanistan and concentrate that the battle won’t stop with the exit of the Soviets from Afghanistan but rather it was preparation for a universal war.

The second stage was when the organisation attempted to discover which area[s] in the world would be most suitable to manage the conflict in it, Somalia was the first battle field outside of Afghanistan after the fall of the soviet union, and that’s the stage when youth from Yemen and Saudi fought against America in Somalia, and the ideology of AlQa’eda spread in the Ryadh operations in June 1996 which targeted a US forces residence and wasn’t claimed by Osama bin Laden but he blessed it.

This stage lasted till the declaration of the international front for fighting Jews and Crusaders in February 1998, through it there was the sending of fighters and forming groups to assassinate a number of the leaders of the Yemeni socialist party and participation in independent groups in the 1994 war which resulted in the defeat of the socialist party which Bin Laden considered as more dangerous than Ali Abdullah Saleh’s regime[21].

During that stage the circle of the address was concentrated upon the Arabian Peninsula and especially Saudi and Yemen, and called the American presence as occupation of the land of the two holy shrines and the holies and classified it as the second occupation after Palestine[22], while the circle of operations outside Somalia, Tanzania and Nairobi. Limited operations were in the middle too in Yemen such as AlQa’eda’s participation in the assassination of the leaders of the Yemen socialist party the first years after the unity, then AlQa’eda participated in independent groups in the 94 war and concentrated on moving of weapons from the Yemeni markets to inside the kingdom making use of the difference between the two regimes which was very intense and at the highest level at that time.

AlQa’eda ideology was present in the Arabian Peninsula in the operation of Jabal AlMaraksha (an area to the south of Abian south Yemen) in December 1998 when the Adan Abian Islamic army announced the kidnapping of western tourists which developed into fighting with local security forces which resulted in the death of four British persons and the arrest of the founder of the Islamic Adan Abian army Abo AlHassan Zayn AlAbedin AlMehdar, and he is from Shabwa south Yemen and is of the nobility and was executed by the Yemeni authorities in the year 1999.

The most prominent feature in that era is that AlQa’eda has appointed a leader (Abo Ali AlHarthi – 40 years old, killed by an American intelligence plane at the beginning of November 2002) and with international goals, the most prominent of which was the destruction of the battleship Cole, and with its success it polarised local devotees for the next stage.

The third stage is the building of the hierarchical structure of AlQa’eda in the region and that came at the same time as the American invasion of Iraq in the year 2003, the most prominent of the features of it is the establishment of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, as a hierarchical structure with known and announced leadership even though it was named as such, yet not a single attempt was recorded outside the borders of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, other than supplying the Iraqi front with fighters and money and media support.

Of the most prominent results of that stage is the cultural activity and scientific research that was produced by Sheikhs and scholars who helped enrich the ideological library of AlQa’eda with readings and explanations of Islam according to current events and requirements, and the Saudi security authorities put them in prisons after their books were spread and caused hatred inside the Saudi community, this stage caused rifts inside the religious authorities and the secular counterparts, and for the first time the ‘secular versus religious debate’ was visible in public in Saudi, and media and intellectual organisations started to attack the religious intellects and religious authorities were attacked and the ‘fatwa’ establishment in the kingdom came under attack.

The fourth stage is the current stage, and that’s the intractability stage where AlQa’eda is fighting a major war against the world forces which AlQa’eda calls it an attrition war against America in Yemen alongside Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia.

In the early stages it was Osama bin Laden who was the one who directs [AlQa’eda] through messages, in the first stages, he used to address the scholars as good scholars, and the army and armed forces are our brethren may Allah keep them[23], but in advanced stages that has changed according to the addressing and those parts remained far from AlQa’eda military operations in all previous stages till the new stage came in Yemen when the new start from Yemen came, and the language adopted by AlQa’eda became compliant with the operations which were concentrated on local elements by assassinating local security leaders and [as well as] the operation of the attempt to assassinate prince Mohammad bin Nayef.

And in that stage of AlQa’eda in Saudi he used to give advice to scholars but in the Yemen stage he moved on to accuse them of treason and working for what they describe as the Zionist Crusader war through their rulers Al Saud, the rulers of Ryadh, and the organisation started to give advice to what he called Shaikh[s] of Sahwa such as Dr Safar AlHawali and Dr Salman AlAouda, but in today’s stage the organisation face them with messages and accusations.

AlQa’eda’s new history started on the 3rd of February 2006, and AlQa’eda has written it by digging a tunnel under the political security prison in Sanaa of (45) meters length, (5) meters deep, that took (55) days by (23) men, and that’s the final result for the escapee elements which America announced as (13) persons from AlQa’eda, all are wanted and are dangerous.

After the success of AlQa’eda in Yemen’s escape from prison, bin Laden sent a message in which he mentioned the Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh and described him as “the traitor who is obedient to America” and that was a signal to the members of the organisation to start working to remove him [Ali], as his message was to them having been reassured that they were out and safe, and that was the start of the call to remove him, as he in all his letters hadn’t mentioned him and used to concentrate on Saudi rulers especially.

AlQa’eda organisation has recorded in this era, which started in 2006, so far four assassination operations against security leadership, three of them succeeded and one failed and that’s the assassination of the prince in its final stage but succeeded in penetration.

And three attack operations targeting the American embassy, South Koreans and investigators and were not full operations that failed in the final results.

And recorded for the first time an operation which targeted the united states of America from Yemen which was executed by the Niger person Omar Farooq Abdul Mutalib – 23 years old, in an attempt to detonate a bomb he managed to go through six international airports and board a plane going to Detroit airport in America and is facing six charges one of which is the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

AlQa’eda in Arabian Peninsula has given great importance in its current stage to propaganda and media side as in 2008 it was recorded that the birth of AlMalahem establishment which produced seven advertising films and a bimonthly magazine, legal studies and statement marketing, and a press dialogue with the Emir in AlJazeera net, AlQa’eda’s activity is accompanied by local media coverage due to the marginal press freedom available in Yemen and it is not available anywhere in the world at any stage.

 

Relationship with internal parties

AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula announces its position towards all parties based on their battle with America and the west, and applies a rule made by the leader of AlQa’eda in the year 2004 in a letter directed to AlZarkawi by concentrating his fighting against the Americans and who wishes to stay neutral should be left to do so, and who insists to ally with the Americans then strike him whoever that is[24] and hence the assassination of local security leaders that AlQa’eda has accused of collaborating with the Americans.

AlQa’eda comes from a very strict ideology that is very strict towards Islamic and secular parties alike, however it doesn’t differentiate between Sunni Islamists and puts them in three tiers, according to their vision and how they treat them, one they describe as American and western allies, these are warned and advised, and a section is regime allies and go according to the American and western project in the area, those are told off and are accused of hypocrisy, and a section that doesn’t ally with the west but doesn’t declare allegiance to AlQa’eda and doesn’t show its position, and those are told to challenge the situation[25].

And where there exists the systemised Islam which is called by the American and western studies as innovative Islamists who believe in peaceful struggling and take democracy as a route and cohabit with America and the west and hold groups with the other nationalist and secular forces and other religious groups such as Shia, AlQa’eda finds it difficult to move in that environment, while AlQa’eda is more deep rooted and more spread where there is Bedouin simple Islam and simple understanding of Islam, AlQa’eda’s ideology finds its way easy to them.

That was for Sunni factions but as for Shia, AlQa’eda organisation doesn’t consider that they are still Zaidi’s, but rather that they have become Rafidi Shia as in Iraq and they warn against its dangers in Yemen even though they haven’t as yet entered into a fighting phase against them, AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula consider the Sa’ada war in which is part and parcel against the regime as an evil plant created by the ruler to make the populace drink its bitterness[26], and that Shia have expansion wishes in Yemen and give problems to Sunna, locally supplied by Iran, as in a vocal statement form AlMalahem, and spoken by one of the Saudi security wanted persons, Mohamad AlRashed[27].

AlQa’eda looks at other nationalist and secular parties as that they have fallen victim for misleading theories, and ask them to repent and diverts its attention to the war against the western and American imperialism to the fact that it’s AlQa’eda is who leads the battles[28].

Unfortunately for AlQa’eda the main coalitions and the parties in the country don’t form alliance with AlQa’eda, as the southern movement considers it as extremist and agrees with the west and America in fighting and cleansing the south from it and sees the need for international community cooperation to remove it[29].

And the opposition political parties find it to be a regime product[30] and a political paper used [by the regime] to remain in power longer and to escape from its turmoil’s[31] and the Hothies see it as a regime collaborating terrorist movement that ally with the regime in its war against them in Sa’ada[32].

While Ali Salem AlBaydh declares that he has no objection seeking support from Iran[33]and Tarek AlFadhli, one of the field leaders of the movement speaks well of Abdul Malek AlHothi[34] and the latter responds similarly in the same statement in which he denies links to AlQa’eda and calls it a terrorist [organisation], and AlHothi welcomes the national salvation document which was produced by the common meeting alliance and agrees to all its points and describes it as responding to fair demands[35].

National and international interventions…

The American led NATO’s strategic views agrees about Yemen with that of AlQa’eda organisation, as the west considers it as the security belt in the back of NATO which has a vital role in securing the resources of wealth and energy in the area and the route of commercial ships and military ships and AlQa’eda considers it the land of supplies and the spring board of the army which is [will be] defeating the alliance in its most prominent battles today.

The spread of AlQa’eda in the treasure-rich areas forms direct threat to the western and American interests, as in the southern and eastern regions (Ma’areb, Shabwa, Hadramout) and the southern and western coastal areas (Abian Adan and AlHodaida) whose sea passages and passes (Arab sea, Adan gulf, Bab AlMandab) are of the most important passages, and that’s why AlQa’eda forms a direct threat on the sources of the wealth which the western companies invest in, and Americans on land, and threatens the commercial convoys and military fleets in the sea.

That’s why the west express their concern about the presence of a branch of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula and shows readiness to fight a fatal fight in Yemen against AlQa’eda as it is near a position where their forces are centred and its interests in the gulf states and its safe passages.

Yemen faces a local crowds allying with the west to face AlQa’eda in Yemen, and AlQa’eda answers in similar terms with the Somalian AlShabab movement which said it would cut sea routes to send fighters which makes Yemen an open struggle field and a central spot between the international jihad movement and the international coalition for the war against terrorism and according to the concepts of AlQa’eda organisation there will be expected calls made by the international AlQa’eda leadership to gather powers to Yemen using the western call to hold an international conference to fight what they call terrorism in Yemen.

The call of the AlShabab AlMujahideen movement in Somalia comes from an ideological religious purpose based upon the intellectual matrix of the international jihad movement, and that’s giving victory to their brethren, and the wish to catch up with the Yemeni [future] army which they think is of the best armies, and that doesn’t mean that AlQa’eda in Yemen needs fighters, as they have practicing fighting elements, and it has exported fighters and practiced ones before to Somalia such as abo Asem AlTabooki, a son of the region of Began in the governorate of Shabwa south Yemen, who was on the list of 23 when he escaped from prison with AlQa’eda leaders in February 2006 and was killed in an air raid against an AlQa’eda camp in Somalia near the end of 2007.

AlQa’eda accuses the Saudi role in Yemen of being an essential one, and the military head of the organisation says that the Saudi home minister’s deputy Mohammad bin Nayef runs the Yemeni home office and has more powers there than his powers in his father’s office[36]. And the military head of the organisation said that they have discovered a spy network that is affiliated with Mohammad bin Nayef in the eastern and southern regions whose duties include following up AlQa’eda and pin pointing their positions[37].

Saudi has announced the 85 wanted list in February 2009 and it includes AlRimi and AlWeheeshi, the Emir of the organisation and the military head, and announces its continued support for Yemen in its war against terrorism, and king Abdullah has said that the security of Yemen is that of the kingdom and the whole area.

AlQa’eda failed in sneaking to perform operations in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as the first attempt was foiled after the two sub groups have joined together on the borders between Saudi and Yemen in Najran and it had eleven persons and weapons collections and they were all captured, and the second attempt was when Yosef AlShehri and Raed AlHarbi got through to Jazan on the 13th of October 2009 and were killed and they are of the wanted 85.

In spite of the success of AlQa’eda in infiltrating the security services while attempting to assassinate prince Mohammad bin Nayef near the end of August 2009, the Yemeni Saudi cooperation has doubled making up a special media centre in October 2009 to face AlQa’eda media in the Arabian Peninsula in particular after some film productions which targets the royal family in Saudi, and the Saudi government supported lately the invitation of the British prime minister Gordon Brown to hold an international conference stand up to what he called the international threat coming from Yemen.

Features of the future

The future of Yemen is drawn by three armed projects, the southern movement, the armed Shia movement (AlHotheyoon) and a Sunni armed movement (AlQa’eda) and local and international interventions, and a political crisis between the regime’s extremes, the authority and the opposition, and the weakness of the country’s economy and its inability to pay back its debts.

International interventions depend in any way against AlQa’eda on making a state of a polarisation which means that the Yemeni community will see a movement according to the rule “if you’re not with us then you are against us” from the American, or the west or AlQa’eda’s side.

The west in the battle against AlQa’eda uses other methods other than the governmental or security authorities, such as the parties, NGO’s, tribal leaders to dislocate the public concubines of AlQa’eda.

The tribal system in Yemen is prepared to form Sahawat like the ones made in Iraq if AlQa’eda in Yemen reaches strength and become a threat like its counterpart there, and became inaccessible to America and its local and western allies.

The war against AlQa’eda has started, and it’s on its way to take dimensions that are more deep and wide such that all parties of the community whether the peacefully struggling political parties or the tribes or the government.


[1]  2008.Ayman AlZawahiri, AlSahab, November 2008

[2] Mostafa Abo AlYazid, a special interview with AlJazeera net, June 2009

[3] Walter Laker, terrorism, a brief history, the US foreign office, September 2008

[4] Modern democratic Islam, supplies, partners and strategies, Sheryl Bernard, RAND research and strategic studies establishment, Washington 2002

[5] Steve Hoffman, USA Today, May 2007

[6]  Statement of the international front for fighting Jews and Crusaders, Al-Quds AlArabi, April 2004.

[7] Abo Mosab AlZarkawi, the collective archive and AlZarkawi messages, AlBoraq media establishment, AlZarkawi’s message to Bin Laden 2004

[8] Mostafa Abo AlYazid, a special interview with AlJazeera net, June 2009

[9] Abdul-Aziz AlMegren, former field command of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, Saot AlJihad, second issue, 2003

[10] Abo Basir, a press dialogue, AlJazeera net, January 2009

[11] Fares AlShwel AlZahrani, an audio lecture, AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, Saot AlJihad 2004, Fares AlZahrani is one of the Sheikhs of AlQa’eda who was taken prisoner by the Saudi security forces in 2005 and he has conventional books about Jihadi intellect.

[12] Abo Basir, Emir of AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, a press dialogue, AlJazeera net, January 2009

[13] The prophet prayers be upon him said: “from Abian Adan there comes an army of twelve thousand fighters who give victory to Allah [‘s cause] and to His prophet, they are the best [of people] from now till their time

[14] Abo Hafs AlMesri brigades, AlQa’eda, statement declaring responsibility for the Madrid explosions, Al-Ansar media establishment, 2004

[15] Osama bin Laden, an audio recording, the way to liberate Palestine, 2009

[16] Osama bin Laden, AlSahab establishment, January 2009

[17] Osama bin Laden, the ‘expel the infidels from the Arabian Peninsula’ 1995

[18] Osama bin Laden, an audio recording, to the Islamic nation, 2004

[19] Osama bin Laden, a lecture, AlSahab establishment, 2000

[20] Abo Basir, Sada AlMalahem, the preface, the eleventh issue, November 2009.

[21] Call for international Islamic resistance, Abo Mosab AlSuri, Jihad experiences, part one, first edition 2004

[22] Osama bin Laden, expel the infidels from the Arabian Peninsula, a printed message, 1995

[23] Osama bin Laden, expel the infidels from the Arabian Peninsula, 1995.

[24] Osama bin Laden, AlSahab establishment, July 2006.

[25] Abo Basir, a press dialogue, AlJazeera net, January 2009

[26] Abo Basir, a press dialogue, AlJazeera net, January 2009

[27] Mohamad AlRashed, a leader in AlQa’eda in the Arabian Peninsula, an audio statement titled: I am verily an honest adviser to you, AlMalahem establishment, November 2009

[28] Abo Basir, a press dialogue, AlJazeera net, January 2009

[29] Ali Salem AlBaydh, Reuters, 19 December 2009

[30] Hamid AlAhmar, AlJazeera channel, Bela Hodood, August 2009

[31] Abdul Wahab AlAnsi, secretary general of Islah party, AlSahwa newspaper, the party’s own, 7 January 2009

[32] Abdul Malik AlHothi, AlJazeera channel, a televised statement,, October 2009

[33] Ali Salem AlBayd, a press dialogue, Lebanese news agency, October 2009

[34] Tarek AlFadhli, agencies, September 2009

[35] Abdul Malik AlHothi, a statement, agencies, October 2009

[36] Qasem AlReemi, the military leader , Ma’areb battle, AlMalahem establishment, September 2009

[37] AlQa’eda statement declaring responsibility for the attempt on the life of the prince, AlMalahem establishment, Alfajr media centre, September 2009

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